Operation Prosperity Guardian aims to enhance maritime security and safeguard global shipping routes, which have become the target of frequent Houthi attacks. The situation escalated in November, compelling shipping companies to reroute vessels to avoid the crucial trade route. Notably, India-linked vessels, MV Chem Pluto and MV Sai Baba, fell victim to drone strikes in late December.

US Defence Secretary Lloyd Austin outlined the coalition's participation, which includes countries such as the UK, Bahrain, Canada, France, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Seychelles, and Spain.

While over 40 countries have united in condemning Houthi attacks, the US embassy stressed the need for more global action. A spokesperson affirmed, "We welcome other countries, including India, in joining us to defend the freedom of navigation in the region’s vital waterways, including by participating in Operation Prosperity Guardian."

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However, the embassy refrained from commenting on specific deliberations between India and the US on this matter. In December, Arindam Bagchi, the then-MEA official spokesperson, acknowledged India's vested interest in the free movement of commercial shipping and hinted at communications regarding the task force.

Despite being a member of the Combined Maritime Forces (CMF), India has approached the US invitation cautiously. Similar to France and Italy, India has expressed a preference for maintaining an independent naval presence in the region rather than joining a US-led coalition to counter Houthi attacks. The nuanced stance reflects India's commitment to regional maritime security while navigating diplomatic considerations.