This deployment aims to safeguard important commercial trade routes and address concerns amid China's increasing presence in the region.

Despite challenges with submarine maintenance and repairs, India maintains a fleet of sixteen conventional submarines, including German, Russian, and French-made ones. While newer submarines like the Scorpene class boast better availability, older models like the Kilo-class submarines, in service since the 1980s, face operational constraints.

Indian Navy stands alone as guardian in Indian Ocean Indian Navy stands alone as guardian in Indian Ocean

Plans for acquiring more modern submarines, including Scorpene-class vessels, are in place, but delivery delays are expected. This delay poses challenges in meeting expansion goals, with the first of six planned advanced submarines unlikely to be delivered before 2030.

The Indian Navy's deployment also includes anti-piracy operations in key areas such as the Red Sea, eastern Somalia, the Arabian Sea, and the Gulf of Aden. This increased naval presence is crucial, especially with rising concerns about piracy threats and the use of stolen vessels by pirate organizations.

Recent successes, like INS Kolkata capturing Somali pirates from the ship MV Ruen, highlight the importance of continued anti-piracy measures. The goal remains clear: to protect vital trade routes and enhance maritime security amidst evolving regional dynamics and emerging threats.